We are following international best practice standards and have some of the most experienced DVI specialists in the world working with us. Death and injury – Some 15,894 people died, and 6,152 people were injured. The aftershocks were far from over – there were thousands more to come. Those trained and equipped to handle such emergencies were assisted in the immediate aftermath of the quake not only by volunteers of all descriptions but also by the fortuitous presence of a large number of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) personnel who were in the city to conduct a training exercise. 181 people were killed. All the cellphone lines were out of action so it was hard to contact my family. On Tuesday 22 February, 2011 at 12.51 pm the lives of hundreds of thousands of Cantabrians were changed forever. The police, Fire and ambulance service and USAR were well in control and the rescue was coordinated and moving quickly … so, I knew I wasn’t needed … but, deciding it was time to go home and leave all of those brave people and not help anymore … was heartbreaking.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/159/story/. On 14 June 2011 the city experienced a series of strong aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.6 and a 6.3. What were the short-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake? Despite being ‘compromised’, Christchurch Hospital was able to continue to provide care, with the support of other hospital and primary care facilities. The cost of repairs and rebuilding following the February 2011 earthquake was estimated at $20 billion, compared to $5 billion following the September 2010 quake. [5] ‘Disaster Victim Identification teams in for the long haul’, NZ Police: http://www.police.govt.nz/news/release/27378, [6] The National Christchurch Memorial Service booklet: https://gg.govt.nz/image/tid/350, [7] Christchurch Central Development Unit, 'Canterbury Earthquake Memorial': https://ccdu.govt.nz/projects-and-precincts/canterbury-earthquake-memorial. [1] Martin van Beynen (ed. This article was written by Imelda Bargas and produced by the NZHistory team. It caused greater devastation in most parts of the region and 185 lives were lost. Among these was Shag Rock/Rapanui (the great stern post) at the entrance to the Heathcote and Avon estuary/Te Ihutai at Sumner. February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. 29, no. [9] International research suggests that psychosocial recovery can take up to 10 years and with multiple events in Canterbury most residents went through the stages of recovery (described as heroic, honeymoon, disillusionment and reconstruction) more than once. But by this time 59% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘generally happy with their life right now’ and 67% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘coping well with day to day things’. He flicked the torch on, and at the same time Paul, who was leading us down the stairs, turned around and told us that we needed to go back up and try to find another way down. Students are asked to colour code the primary and secondary effects and the immediate and long-term responses. 1–7, M. Villemure, T.M. There were no words that could be exchanged and most of us carried on trying to hold in emotions until we were back at the Square! At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. Christchurch earthquake: Effects and responses A sorting resource covering the effects of and responses to the Christchurch earthquake, New Zealand. The aftershocks placed still more stress on the city’s residents, buildings and infrastructure. This devastating and catastrophic event would have both immediate and long-lasting effects for thousands of people in New Zealand and around the world. Everyone was out on the streets and everyone asked the same question of each other – ‘Are you alright?’. [10]. The bus stopped at three points along the way (the sites of the PGC building, the CTV building and the cathedral) but at the other two I felt like it wasn’t right to take pictures. Our 15 minute walk took us past the Stanmore Road shops, and I tried not to get emotional about all the collapsed buildings and the people desperately digging in the rubble to get to the people buried underneath. 2, pp. The ED itself had been compromised by fallen ceiling tiles, and a damaged backup power supply left us in darkness for significant periods. And probably everyone in our tiny country will know someone who’s lost someone – already I’ve heard that the owners of a shop near my brother’s have lost their son.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/185/story/. Limbs had to be amputated and some people suffered partial or full paralysis. The report of the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission contains biographies of those who died as a result of the earthquake in the CTV (vol. In an interview published in the New Zealand Herald two days after the quake, Carter noted that ‘The job had its dangers, and it was scary being trapped inside a collapsed building when the aftershocks struck’ – but ‘he preferred to focus on the potential rewards, rather than the risks of what they were doing’. Business owners trying to get back on their feet were among those who felt that it was too soon for such an event, but thousands turned out for it. Secondary effects (things that happen after the primary effects but often as a result of them) Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Under further legislation introduced after the February 2011 earthquake, the Canterbury ... felt the effects of this approach. As the corner of the site came closer, we could hear clapping. Obituaries of the 185 people killed in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Martin van Beynen, Trapped: remarkable stories of survival from the 2011 Canterbury earthquake, Penguin, Auckland, 2012, G. Dellow et al., ‘Landslides caused by the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake and management of landslide risk in the immediate aftermath’, Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, vol. Those who lost their lives in the quake have been honoured in a number of ways. It is expected that any damage caused to the rivers by siltation during the earthquakes, or sediment removal activities in lower reaches, will not have long-lasting effects on fish and invertebrates, provided mitigation measures are followed Between 2011 and 2013, birds died due to avian botulism. As we slowly went down the stairs between our 15th floor and the 14th floor, one of my colleagues remembered he had a torch in his pocket. Impacts on people. As had happened after the 4 September 2010quake, there was a lot of liquefaction. Earthquake-damaged homes stand at the edge of a cliff. Language schools and other groups catering for international students were hit particularly hard, with international enrolments dropping by 57% between 2010 and 2012. In Burwood Hospital I was on a single level and I had my own room. It wasn’t like riding big waves, or being blown around in a high wind. By mid-morning [Monday 28th], Dr Collins had arranged for a couple of cellphones and had our Medical Centre number diverted to them. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010. In the short term, however, the need for emergency repairs to heating systems has meant that legislation to prosecute those using polluting older wood burners and open fires has been temporarily relaxed for earthquake damaged homes for the winter of 2011.7 Prepared by Environment Canterbury and Community and Public Health. Liquefaction – ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt which had wrecked building foundations, ruptured water and sewer pipes and shattered roads, footpaths and driveways in September – struck the city again. However, the charred lift shaft remained, along with a quantity of slabs and other rubble. The memorial has a dual purpose: ‘paying respect to the 185 people who lost their lives’ and acknowledging ‘the shared trauma and huge support received with the recovery operation that followed’. For example, the Christchurch earthquake in 2011 resulted in closure of the Central Business District (CBD) for an extended period of time. Want to share your experience of the February earthquake? Then a large aftershock hit and the entire block of houses leapt and bucked in the air and people were screaming in fear and anger. Economic Impacts (long-term) To rebuild what was once can get quite expensive, so some owners decide to just demolish and re-sell the land to a potential buyer; The income may get lost in the rubble; Economic Impacts (long-term) Landscapes, such as forests rivers or cliffs, will get damaged, injuring or … Only a minority of the people who were interviewed or took part in focus groups appeared to be ‘experiencing great difficulties with their wellbeing’, including some who reported ‘symptoms of mental health problems’ such as fear, anxiety and hypervigilance. In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. I hadn’t heard from my kids, or their mum, or my partner or anyone – then suddenly – about 30 txts and missed calls appear on my phone. Landscapes, such as forests rivers or cliffs, will get damaged, injuring or killing the wildlife. Two days after the earthquake: The building hadn’t been checked and the power was still out, so we moved a desk out to the car park, found pen, paper and the Medical Centre stamp, and the doctors were able to do prescriptions, chat to people and reassure them. The magnitude 5.7 quake came just a few days before the fifth anniversary of the February 2011 earthquake. In this longitudinal study, we compare the effects of different types of relocation and level of affectedness on the incidence and relapse of mood and anxiety symptom treatments identified by publicly funded care or treatment one year before and one and two years after the ‘2011 Christchurch earthquake’ in New Zealand. Many were students learning English at King’s Education in the CTV building. The air was thick with dust from collapsed buildings and smoke from fires. You just think of the [Twin] Towers and you think that is going to happen. Both events caused further damage and disrupted the city’s recovery. A group of family had been allowed in for the service and were standing on the corner applauding the rescuers as they walked by. USAR team member Peter Seager recalls what it was like at the CTV site when the country observed two minutes’ silence exactly a week after the quake: Lunch was timed around the planned 2 minutes silence at 12.51. Health workers in the city faced ‘substantial difficulties’ in caring for the injured. Once assured of their own safety, most people’s thoughts turned immediately to friends and family – especially children. Car alarms were going off and that was all you could hear. Apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery after a disaster can take five to ten years. In March 2011, Police Superintendent Sam Hoyle asked for ‘patience and understanding’: We are acutely aware that families want their loved ones returned, particularly our guests from overseas, and our teams are working flat out to achieve this. His daughter was among them: I drove home and I was shouting my daughter’s name. A number of groups assisted with this grim and difficult task at these buildings and elsewhere. Schools had been holding regular earthquake drills since the September quake. Initially some hope was held for those trapped in the CTV and PGC buildings, and family members and friends gathered nearby, some buoyed by text messages sent by their loved ones after the quake or reports from those who’d escaped or been rescued from the buildings. It was lucky it was fine…, Over the weekend, a neighbour very generously gave us the loan of his generator, and the building was checked by an engineer and, once the glass roof was removed from above the main door, it was given the all clear…, The first days were difficult. I did not need psychological help. 130,927 people were displaced, and 2,562 remain missing.. Nuclear crisis – A 9m high wave flooded the generators of the Fukushima nuclear power plant and destroyed electrical wiring. 106–8. Canterbury has also been affected by adverse weather … The eastern suburbs and areas around the Avon River were again hardest hit. The damage in Christchurch was far more considerable than the damage triggered in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months previously. We ask for your patience and understanding while our large team continues to work through this difficult and complex job. We have 1 event in history, 2 biographies, 8 articles, related to February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. It was the sharpest, most violent kind of shaking; as though the house sat on some giant mechanism of limitless force that was snapping it back and forth, up and down, however it liked. The 22 February 2011 earthquake caused 185 fatalities, injured 3,129 people, and 1,293 were injured in the aftermath. There were no observable effects of the earthquakes on antidepressant or antipsychotic dispensing. Six hours later my dad rocked up to get me.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/. I did that several times. [4]. Although immediate outcomes of a disaster are often recorded in terms of mortality and injury or economic costs, the significance of the long term effects … community recovery from the major Christchurch earthquake in 2011 is expected to take at least another decade (Stevenson, Humphrey, & Brinsdon, 2014). It happened at 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011 It happened in Christchurch, New Zealand New Zealand is the in continent of Australasia, just below the tropic of capricorn on the southern hemisphere. I got to the school and was impressed that there was a strict emergency plan in place – staff on each gate issuing instructions. Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’.[6]. The tsunami created over 300,000 refugees in the Tōhoku region of Japan, and resulted in shortages of food, water, shelter, medicine and fuel for survivors. They included national and international Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams, many of whom did not reach the city until after all the successful rescues had been completed. A further series hit the region on 23 December 2011. A powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake pummeled central New Zealand early on Monday, killing at least two people, damaging roads and buildings and setting off hundreds of strong aftershocks. This included all search teams present, and support staff, including the caterers. I think – this will be the most difficult decision I have or will ever make in my life … walking away from the CTV site. Then we made our way to one of the stairwells and set off for the ground. The hospital disaster response plan was in full activation. 75, no. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re-building and injured employees. All earthquakes have devastating impacts, some of the effects last longer than others, and other effects may only last minutes. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51 pm. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/105/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/159/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/98/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/187/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/53/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/301/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/100/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/126/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/185/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/255/story/, http://www.police.govt.nz/news/release/27378, https://ccdu.govt.nz/projects-and-precincts/canterbury-earthquake-memorial, http://www.healthychristchurch.org.nz/media/100697/allrightresearchsummary.pdf, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, The shaky isles: Canterbury & other quakes, Wellington and Christchurch's earthquake risk, Canterbury earthquakes and recovery information, http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/Review-CDEM-Response-22-February-Christchurch-Earthquake.pdf. You don’t get DNA matches in seconds at the push of a button – it takes time. A feature on the post-2011 recovery of the Canterbury region will appear on NZHistory in due course. Comments will be reviewed prior to posting. Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’. Damage to buried pipes allowed sewage to contaminate the water supply so people had to boil their tap water. We did not realise at the time how badly the stairwells had failed, but it was obvious that we could not get down.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/. We returned to Latimer Square, expecting the silence to be called within the camp itself. In our language we think language has some sort of spiritual power so I yelled my daughter’s name so it might reach my daughter who was 9000 km away. The focus is to make accurate identifications. As in September, most of these people were injured during the primary earthquake, for example by tripping or falling. The earthquake … The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. It also caused damage to more modern buildings – notably the CTV and PGC buildings, the collapse of which resulted in the deaths of 115 and 18 people respectively. Some sectors were hit hard, ‘notably retail, accommodation and hospitality’. Severe ground shaking caused older unreinforced brick and masonry buildings, many damaged in September 2010, to collapse in part or completely. The Press inserted a notice for the colleague they had lost: A special friend and loyal member of our team, Loved and sorely missed by her friends and colleagues at The Press. The February earthquake caused widespread damage to residential and commercial properties throughout Christchurch. We were without power, water, sewerage and phones. Thanks to the efforts of these groups and the New Zealand Police, other disaster victim identification (DVI) specialists and Coronial Services, 181 of the 185 victims were eventually identified. A number of schools found they couldn’t follow the emergency procedures they had practised because many students were outside the classroom having lunch. Some contributors to QuakeStories initially thought this was yet another one: At first I thought that it was just another aftershock, but when the power went out and the room felt like someone had picked it up and was bouncing it around, I realized that I needed to get under my desk, which was unfortunately a very thick wooden one. It was like a war zone. Over 50% of the city's buildings were damaged. The severe shaking, liquefaction and landslides left some 16,000 properties ‘severely damaged’, More than 90% of properties in Greater Christchurch suffered some damage in either September or February. As I walked along, I began to hear bagpipes playing Amazing Grace. Beaches and waterways were polluted and closed to swimming for many months. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake and thousands more were hurt. This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and helped each other during the initial eight-second jolt and the aftershocks that followed. The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority suggested that the rebuild might cost $30 billion once improvements were included. Unfortunately for those waiting at the scene and elsewhere, no more survivors were found after the first 24 hours. Potter, J.S. [2] ‘Christchurch quake: search squads focus on rewards, not risks’, New Zealand Herald, 24 February 2011. 1, January 2014, p. 81. Disasters 5-37), PGC (vol. Many who encountered the worst scenes in the CBD, at the Canterbury Television (CTV) and Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC) buildings, did whatever they could. The aftershocks were particularly dangerous for people who were trapped under debris or in buildings, and for those who were trying to rescue them. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. In a blog written two days after the quake, Jennifer reflected on the likelihood she would know someone who had died: I’ve heard (either directly or indirectly) from all my close friends and most of my workmates now, so know they’re ok, but I also know the chances are, in a city of only half a million, that all of us will end up knowing someone who is a victim. Dislodged boulders, collapsing cliffs, landslides and failing fill and retaining walls damaged properties and infrastructure on and below the Port Hills. Culture and Society A large generator was delivered to us a week after the quake. The February quake was powerful enough that while classified as an aftershock of the September quake, it generated its own aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.8 at 1.04 p.m. and a magnitude 5.9 at 2.50 p.m. I had been expecting to go to that festival and to be coming to that place so many months later and having such a vivid reminder of the way life just stopped so suddenly on that day was quite startling. By 12.51 many were at friend’s houses, shops or food outlets. The stairwell had collapsed immediately below the landing at the 14th floor. Johnston and K.P. My friend Phoebe and I were walking back to Phoebe’s parents’ work. Geonet, the country’s geological hazard monitoring system, received thousands of ‘felt reports’. People lost energy immediately. They have been remembered individually at private funerals and through floral tributes at significant sites; collectively in artworks such as Peter Majendie’s 185 Empty White Chairs; with two minutes of silence nationwide; and at public memorial and commemorative services. At this time, the bulk of the debris had been removed. 131. Do so here. We are not going to rush this process and risk causing further pain to grieving families by making a mistake. Already subdued by the experience, it was about to take another turn! This is painstaking, exacting work and the reality is very different from how it looks in television programmes such as CSI. The emergency lighting had failed in the stairwell, so we could barely see the steps in front of us. Naval personnel who were in Lyttelton at the time of the quake helped the community in a number of ways, dishing up 1000 meals and providing emergency accommodation on HMNZS Canterbury. (I guess he grabbed this from his office, and then forgot about it.) They clung to me and we sat down at the edge of the playground to wait for my husband, who’d texted me to say he’d meet me there. I saw my kids – they were looking incredibly traumatised and had been crying a lot. WELLINGTON — The earthquake that shattered the New Zealand city of Christchurch last month will cost the country as much as 15 billion New Zealand dollars … A significant proportion of those who died were visitors to the region, some of whom had only been in New Zealand a few days. The streets were filled with liquefaction and dazed people. Teachers were sitting and cuddling several children at once, trying to comfort them. It was like I imagine the Blitz was like...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, The sound was awful, a loud noise like a huge aeroplane landing...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, The noise was so intense, like a train coming through the building.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, Within seconds I found myself huddled against the retaining wall in my back garden, listening to the sounds of walls collapsing, breaking glass and the ominous boom, boom, boom as huge boulders came bouncing down the hillsides around me. Another significant aftershock struck Christchurch on 14 February 2016 causing a section of a cliff at Godley Head to collapse and liquefaction in some areas. One elderly man was holding up a photograph, possibly of his daughter. There is a case study sheet students can then complete which summarises this information. Earthquakes can affect us in various ways, such as death and injury, disease, disruption to services and amenities and general disruption of people's everyday lives. Ongoing aftershocks also kept us on edge. Ambulance officers and patients were able to tell us snippets about collapsed buildings, fires, crushed cars and buses, etc. All had injuries from building collapses or falling masonry. [8]. After the incredible noise, silence. After the February 2011 earthquake, Auckland Council and the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management jointly reissued the resource as a DVD. Their loss was felt not only by their family and friends, but by many others in the region who knew them or their family. This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and hel… It was a sad day, and a challenging day but I’m glad I did it.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/. I grabbed my handbag, mobile phone and keys (running quickly inside to get these, then straight out again) and we [my mother-in-law and I] started walking to school (I could already see that driving would be a stupid idea, as there were cars everywhere). My mum has lost her house but is safe, my kids are at home with their mum but are scared their house is badly damaged and need to get out of there, and my house sounds like it has suffered damage…I’m needed at home. Despite the valuable contribution of volunteers and the NZDF, there was enormous pressure on the city’s dedicated emergency services – Police, Fire Service and St John Ambulance – in the immediate aftermath of the main shock. Individual businesses also suffered again – whether from damage to stock or buildings, the impact of damage to infrastructure such as roads and utilities, or because of a decline in the demand for their services. 33-47). 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